Childhood Blindness Prevalence and Causes

In high-income countries, lesions of the optic nerve and higher visual pathways predominate as the cause of blindness, while corneal scarring from measles, vitamin A deficiency, and the use of harmful traditional eye remedies, ophthalmia neonatorum, and rubella cataract are the major causes in low-income countries. The main strategies for preventing blinding diseases in children are described below.  Primary prevention-(prevention of the occurrence of a disease in a population). Secondary prevention-(prevention of sight-threatening complications and visual loss once the disease has appeared).Tertiary prevention-(minimization of the visual disability resulting from previous disease or injury).

  • Cornea
  • Lens
  • Optic nerve
  • Hereditary
  • Perinatal
  • Prophylaxis
  • Immunization
  • Neonatal care

  • Cornea
  • Lens
  • Optic nerve
  • Hereditary
  • Perinatal
  • Prophylaxis
  • Immunization
  • Neonatal care

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