Day 1 :
West Virginia University, USA
Time : 10:00-10:45
Vadrevu K Raju—MD, FRCS, FACS—is a Clinical Professor of Ophthalmology, West Virginia University, WV, USA and Founder, President of Eye Foundation of America.He received his Medical Degree from Andhra University, India and Residency and Fellowship in UK. He is a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons and a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons. He received awards from American Academy of Ophthalmology four times for his teaching, research and international services. His most recent awards include Doctor Nathan Davis International Award of Excellence in Medicine by American Medical Association; Lifetime Achievement Award from WV State Medical Association; the President’s Lifetime Achievement Award from President Barack Obama, Mahatma Gandhi Pravasi Samman Award for Achievement in Medicine, House of Lords, London. He was included in the Leading Physicians of the World by International Association of Ophthalmologists. Medscape placed him among the best
doctors in America.
In 2014, 422 million people had diabetes worldwide, with a global prevalence of 8.5% in adults over 18 years of age. The prevalence is increasing all over the world, but a more rapid rise is occurring in low- and middle-income countries. While incredible advances in medicine have happened over the past 60 years, tertiary care is not the answer to the diabetes pandemic. In 2017, the United States spent nearly $3.5 trillion on healthcare. A treatment-based public health system could have ruinous consequences on the economies
of developing countries, where one vial of insulin may cost the equivalent of a month’s salary. Instead, a balanced, whole population public health approach to diabetes intervention is needed, where public policy, prevention, and tertiary treatment are implemented simultaneously. As a part of that system, ophthalmologists are at the forefront of monitoring and treating diabetes as they are sometimes the first to suspect that a patient is diabetic due to vision changes. This is critical, as the number of young productive patients that will lose their vision because of diabetic complications is predicted to be 10 times greater than the number of older patients affected by cataracts. After a diabetes diagnosis, patients should be counselled regarding beneficial lifestyle modifications, be encouraged to tightly control their glucose levels, and treated promptly and appropriately when diabetic eye complications occur.
Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
Time : 11:15-12:00
Ming Ronnier Luo is a Global Expertise Professor at the College of Optical Science and Technology, Zhejiang University (China), a Visiting Professor of Colour Science and Imaging, University of Leeds (UK) and a Chair Professor at the National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Chinese Taipei. He is also the CIE Vice-President of Publication. He received his PhD in 1986 at the University of Bradford in the field of Colour Science. He has published 600 publications in the areas of colour science, imaging science and LED illumination. He is a Fellow of the Society for Imaging Science and Technology (IS&T), and the Society of Dyers and Colourists (SDC). He has received numerous awards for his research in Colour Science and Technology including the recent AIC 2017 Judd Award.
The International Commission on Illumination (CIE) is responsible to provide standards and procedures for specifying colour and light. It should serve the three main functions of colour science: colour specification, colour difference evaluation and colour appearance prediction. The overall goal of this presentation is to develop a comprehensive colour appearance model (CCAM). For colour specification, CIE 1931 and 1964 systems specify XYZ values for 2o and 10o fields of view, respectively. CIE2006 system has recently been proposed to specify colours for different field sizes and different age of observers. For colour difference evaluation, the CIE proposed two uniform colour spaces, CIELAB and CIELUV in 1976. All colours can be presented to show their relative positions in a 3D space. CIEDE2000 formula was proposed to calculate colour-differences across different industries. In 2006 and 2017, the author proposed CAM02-UCS and Jzazbz UCSs. The latter provides high perceptual uniformity, accurate hue linearity and neutral point convergence, highly desired for HDR and WCG applications. It can be further extended to become a CAM. For predicting colour appearance, the CIE proposed CIECAM02 for the colour management of digital imaging systems. The model is capable of predicting appearance of surface colours under different viewing conditions in terms of lightness, brightness, colourfulness, chroma, saturation and hue composition. Those attributes have recently been extended to include vividness, whiteness and blackness. New models were also developed to predict the appearance of stimulus in isolated field such as CAM15u for unrelated colours. This is particularly useful for light and lighting applications. A list of new colour appearance data will be provided to develop the CCAM. New research instrument based on spectrum tunable multi-channel LED system will be introduced to acquire some of these data.